The study of hydrogen generation in the interaction of aluminum with aqueous solutions

UDC: 
620.9+544(075)

Issue of journal:

Abstract: 

The paper presents the results of research on hydrogen generation in heterogeneous compositions
containing aluminum, liquid sodium glass, crystalline sodium metasilicate and water of varying salinity.
Found that silicon reagents remove the passivation oxide coating on the surface of aluminum and its
translation into an activated state, effectively decompose water into hydrogen. Chemical
decomposition into hydrogen efficiently are aqueous solutions with varying degrees of mineralization.
The process of generating hydrogen is carried out at low temperatures and atmospheric pressure at
high speed and theoretically limiting the release of hydrogen H2 0.12 kg / 1 kg of Al. The study of
chemical processes of decomposition and removal of surface oxide films and the generation of
hydrogen from restoration water by reactor metallic materials is one of the tasks of hydrogen safety
for nuclear power plants.

References: 
1. NP–040–02. Pravila obespechenija vodorodnoj vzryvozashhity na atomnoj stancii.
2. Spravochnik po jadernoj jenergotehnologii: Per. s angl. / F. Ran, A. Adamantnades, Dzh. Kenton, Ch. Braun; pod red. V.A. Legasova. – M.: Jenergoatomizdat, 1989. – 752 s.
3. Mitigation of hydrogen hazards in severe accidents in nuclear power plants. International atomic energy agency. Vienna, 2011.
4. Patent № 2 371 382 RF. MPK SO1V 3/08. Gidroreakcionnaja kompozicija dlja poluchenija vodoroda./ V.K. Milinchuk, S.M. Merkov // Bjull. 2009. № 30.
5. Patent № 2 417 157 RF. MPK SO1V 3/08. Gidroreakcionnaja geterogennaja kompozicija dlja poluchenija vodoroda./ V.K. Milinchuk, A.S. Shilina // Bjull. 2011. № 12.
6. Shilina A.S., Milinchuk V.K. Fizikohimicheskie processy poluchenija vodoroda i adsorbenta, sootvetstvujushhie principam «zelenoj» himii. // Al'ternativnaja jenergetika i jekologija – ISJAEE. 2009. № 10. S. 10–14.
7. Milinchuk V.K., Shilina A.S., Anan'eva O.A., Kunicyna T.E., Pasevich O.F., Laricheva T.E. Issledovanie jekologicheski bezopasnyh, jenergosberegajushhih sposobov poluchenija vodoroda himicheskim razlozheniem vody. // Al'ternativnaja jenergetika i jekologija – ISJAEE. 2012. № 4. S. 49–54.
8. Anan'eva O.A., Kunicyna T.E., Shilina A.S., Milinchuk V.K. Poluchenie vodoroda himicheskim razlozheniem mineralizovannoj vody. // Al'ternativnaja jenergetika i jekologija – ISJAEE. 2012. № 5–6. S. 140–144.
9. Klinshpont Je.R., Roshhektaev B.M., Milinchuk V.K. Kinetika nakoplenija vodoroda pri himicheskom razlozhenii vody v geterogennyh kompozicijah. // Al'ternativnaja jenergetika i jekologija – ISJAEE. 2012. № 9. – S. 116–120.
10. Kireev V.A. Kratkij kurs fizicheskoj himii. – M.: Himija, 1978. – 624 s.

For full access to information log in or register here.