Guidelines for Romanization of References

International abstract and citation databases of peer-reviewed literature (Web of Science, Scopus and others) require that Russian journals present the bibliographic list for each paper using the Latin alphabet (Roman type) as «References».
ATTENTION! Please note that whereas it is acceptable that some authors are not mentioned in the Russian list of references (indicated by «et al.»), it is absolutely necessary that all authors be listed in References in English.

Recommended examples for writing References

    Journal article

Kascheev M.V. Modelirovanie stratifikacii komponent koriuma pri tyazheloj avarii [Modeling of stratification of corium components in a severe accident]. Izvestiya vuzov. Yadernaya energetika. 2002, no. 3, pp. 3–13.


Subbotin V.I., Sorokin D.N., Ovechkin D.M., Kudryavcev A.P. Teploobmen pri kipenii metallov v usloviyah estestvennoj konvekcii [Boiling heat transfer of metals under natural convection]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1969. 287 p.

    Thesis or thesis abstract

Semyonov V.I. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie plazmy v sisteme kompaktnyj tor. Diss. dokt. fiz.-mat. nauk [Mathematical modeling of plasma in a compact torus. Dr. phys. and math. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 2003. 272 p.


Manturov G.N., Nikolaev M.N., Tsibulya A.M. Programma podgotovki konstant CONSYST. Opisanie primeneniya: Preprint GNC RF-FEI-2828. [CONSYST code for neutron constants preparation. Scope statement: IPPE Preprint -2828]. Obninsk, FEI Publ., 2000. (in Russian)


Galkin M.V., Stogov S.R. Sposob orientirovaniya letatel’nogo apparata s opticheskoj golovkoj samonavedeniya [The way to orient on the roll of aircraft with optical homing head]. Patent RF, no. 2280590, 2006.

    Conference proceedings

Gusmanov A.A., Mullagalin I.Z., Svetin M.R. Osobennosti proektirovaniya razrabotki mestorozhdenij s primeneniem gidrorazryva pasta [Features of the design of field development with the use of hydraulic fracturing]. Trudy 6 Mezhdunarodnogo Simpoziuma «Novye resursosberegayuschie tekhnologii nedropol’zovaniya i povysheniya neftegazootdachi» [Proc. 6th Int. Symp. «New energy saving subsoil technologies and the increasing of the oil and gas impact»]. Moscow, 2007, pp. 267–272.

    Online source

Pravila Tsitirovaniya Istochnikov (Rules for Citing Sources) Available at: http://www. (accessed 7 Feb. 2011)

Recommended transliteration scheme

а б в г д е ж з и й к л м н о п р с т у ф х ц ч ш щ ь ы ъ э ю я
a b v g d e zh z i j k l m n o p r s t u f kh ts ch sh sch ’ y ” e yu ya

The authors' names and initials should be written in the same way as authors themselves present them. Otherwise, the automated search system will identify them as different authors.
You can find more detailed instructions on preparation of References on the Elsevier website at:
Please go to to use a free program for transliterating Russian texts in several different ways.