Innovative nuclear power technology – the basis of large-scale nuclear power engineering

UDC: 
УДК 621.039

Issue of journal:

Abstract: 

Carbonfree power engineering with its most developed part, nuclear power, is
becoming more and more promising in the world power engineering. The Russian
WWERbased technological capabilities are sufficient for NPPs construction and
export deliveries on the predicted ES2030 scale. However, their potential for the
solution of domestic longterm strategic problems is restricted because of the safety
level inconformity to the requirements for largescale nuclear power engineering,
limited natural uranium resources, SNF accumulation, as well as its storage and
transportation problems. With the aim of substantially improving the fuel balance
in Russia as a whole, conserving valuable resources of fossil fuels, and
comprehensively solving the problem of carbon dioxide emissions, it is possible to
launch largescale nuclear power engineering by the end of the century. This
necessitates prompt transition to the closed NFC along with maintenance of
reasonably high development rates of nuclear power engineering over much of the
century.
As for the efficiency of nuclear power transfer to the closed NFC, it would be
reasonable to primarily use all available fuel resources, such as plutonium and
enriched uranium, for accelerated commissioning of selfsufficient fast reactors.
Inefficient plutonium combustion as thermal reactor MOXfuel is unacceptable. The
economy of transition to the closed NFC calls for making contributions in the near
future to the spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management fund by the
example of other countries with developed nuclear power engineering. In this
context, the solution of the problem related to previously accumulated SNF
reprocessing may afford ground for raising an issue of state subsidies.
The basic provisions for the implementation of nuclear power engineering
development in Russia up to 2100 are illustrated by the system research results of
two scenarios with transition to the closed NFC in launching inherently safe fast
reactors fueled only with plutonium or enriched uranium.

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